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Suining Chuanshan District Maternal and Child Health Hospital
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Analysis of the advantages and disadvantages of natural delivery and caesarean section.
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Advantages and disadvantages of natural delivery and caesarean section


The child grows up in the mother's womb day by day. At the same time, the expectant mother is also surprised by the way in which the baby is born, whether it is a birth or a cesarean section? Is it painful to give birth? ...
Vaginal delivery requires only a small amount of local anesthesia, faster postpartum recovery, and shorter hospital stay. In contrast, caesarean section requires a more complicated anaesthesia method, and the chance of surgical bleeding and postoperative complications is increased, which will cause mental and physical trauma to pregnant women.
First, the advantages and disadvantages of vaginal delivery:
Advantages (1) Rhythmic contraction and relaxation of the uterus at birth, rhythmic contraction of the fetal chest, so that the fetal lungs are exercised, stimulate the fetal alveoli to produce more phospholipids, and increase alveolar elasticity. Favorable conditions are created by the automatic breathing of babies.
(2) The fetus passes through the mother's birth canal, and the amniotic fluid and mucus sucked into the womb can be squeezed out under the squeeze, so it can reduce neonatal complications.
(3) During vaginal delivery, the fetal head is congested and squeezed by the pelvic floor, which provides more benign stimuli to the brain's respiratory center, which makes the born baby easily provoke breathing and cry loudly.
(4) Postpartum mothers can eat immediately, only perineal wounds, rapid postpartum recovery and fewer complications.
Disadvantage
1. Prenatal pain, but painless delivery can avoid the pain of labor.
2. Sudden conditions during vaginal production.
3. Vaginal relaxation, but postpartum exercise can be avoided.
4. Sequelae of pelvic uterine and bladder prolapse.
2. Vaginal production is the most natural and safe method of production, but it is still dangerous:
1. The perineal tissue will be damaged after the vagina, and even cause infection, or hematoma of the vulva.
2, postpartum will cause poor uterine contraction and bleeding, if postpartum bleeding can not be controlled, emergency laparotomy is required. In severe cases, the uterus needs to be removed, and even life-threatening.
3. Postpartum infection or puerperal fever: especially those with early water breakage and prolonged labor.
4, sudden labor will occur (less than two hours of labor). Especially in patients with maternal and cervical slack.
5. Difficult birth of the fetus or exhaustion of the mother's energy, which needs to cause a fracture of the clavicle of the newborn, or damage to the arm plexus
6, the fetus is too heavy, easy to cause shoulder dystocia, can cause newborn clavicle fracture, or arm plexus injury.
7. Fetal stool is produced in amniotic fluid, resulting in neonatal fetal stool aspiration syndrome.
8. The fetus has an accident in the uterus; such as umbilical cord around the neck, knotting or prolapse.
9. Amniotic fluid embolism occurs without warning, even cesarean section cannot be avoided.
Advantages and disadvantages of caesarean section:
advantage
1. It can avoid the unexpected situation in the natural production process.
2, the vagina is not easily affected
1. Higher bleeding volume
2. There are many complications, including wound infections, accidents of adhesion surgery, and sequelae of anesthesia.
3. Postpartum recovery is slow.
4. Long hospital stay.
5. Uterine scars bring danger to future labor or abortion.
Maternal aspect
1.Pelvic stenosis or abnormal birth canal
2. Prenatal bleeding, such as placenta previa or early placental dissection.
3. 35 years old primipara
4. Reproductive tract infection during labor
5, mother reproduction is infected
6. Problems during childbirth, such as ruptured uterus
7. Caesarean section of front tire
8. Fetal aspects of bad obstetric history
1, abnormal fetal position
2, the estimated weight of the fetus is more than 4000 grams or less than 1500 grams
3. Fetal distress, fetal heart sound changes or fetal hypoxia, fetal stool.
4, multiple births.
5.Fetal malformations
6. Umbilical cord prolapse Conclusion Caesarean section has a higher mortality and disease rate in mothers and fetuses than vaginal births. Problems were found in the prenatal examination in a timely manner, and close communication and cooperation with physicians were adopted to adopt appropriate production methods. To ensure mother and child safety.

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