If the baby's nipple sucking position is not corrected, the nipple skin can be damaged and then cracked.
If the nipple skin is damaged, bacteria can enter the breast tissue and easily cause mastitis or abscess. If the baby stops sucking, the milk cannot be drained, and infection is highly likely.
The nipple skin is relatively delicate, especially the nipple of the first-born woman is thinner and tender, and it is prone to chapped during breastfeeding.
To take early measures to prevent nipples from cracking, you can start scrubbing the nipples with a small alkaline soap and warm water every day in the second trimester. After washing, apply a layer of oil to make the nipples' epidermis thicken, soften, and elastic.
When breastfeeding postpartum, take care to prevent the baby from biting the nipple.
The nipple is prone to chapped when it is soaked by the baby's saliva for a long time, so the feeding time should not be too long, generally 15-20 minutes is better; do not let the baby sleep with the nipples. Other protective measures include:
Stop using alkaline soaps, detergents or medicated oils when washing your nipples.
To improve the sucking position of the baby and continue breastfeeding the baby, you can start feeding from the breast that is not painful. When the feeding position is improved, the pain usually improves immediately and the cleft palate will heal quickly.
During breastfeeding, expose the affected nipple to air and sunlight as much as possible.
After each feeding, a drop of post-milk is left on the nipple, which helps the skin of the nipple to heal.
Sometimes after improving the sucking posture, the pain persists, or because the breasts are swollen, the baby cannot eat enough milk, which will cause the milk accumulation to stagnate, so the milk needs to be squeezed out before the cleft palate heals.
When a nipple rupture has occurred, the nursing mother should pay more attention to protecting and paying attention to local hygiene to avoid infection and inflammation. You can first wash the ruptured part of the nipple with warm boiling water, and then apply 10% cod liver oil bismuth, or compound benzoin tincture, or use Chinese medicine cork and white tincture to divide and grind the affected area with sesame oil or honey. Wash the medication before feeding and protect the nipples with a nipple shield or sterile gauze.
If the nipple rupture is serious, you should stop breastfeeding for 24 to 48 hours; or use a glass bra to suck milk for indirect feeding, so that the child does not directly touch the nipple, or you can squeeze it into a clean, sterile bottle to feed the child.
If there is a breastmilk with sufficient milk nearby, and her baby can't finish feeding, ask her to help and feed it 1-2 times a day. If there is no possibility of feeding, the baby must be fed with milk. After insisting on this for one day, the wound on one side of the nipple was healed, and nursing should be resumed immediately.