winter is here
How to get in cold weather
Keep your baby away from respiratory infections?
The respiratory tract can be divided into upper and lower respiratory tracts. The upper respiratory tract refers to the nose, pharynx, and larynx. The trachea, bronchi, and alveoli below the throat are the lower respiratory tract. Respiratory tract infections refer to infections of the respiratory system, including rhinitis, pharyngitis, tonsillitis, laryngitis, bronchitis, pneumonia and so on.
Respiratory tract infections are more common in children aged 6 months to 6 years, and most commonly seen in children aged 2 to 3 years. When the climate changes drastically in winter and spring, it is especially easy to repeat . There is a tendency of natural relief in the hot summer season. The disease has a rising trend year by year, and generally improves significantly around the school age.
Why are children vulnerable to respiratory infections in winter?
In winter, the sunshine time is short, the temperature difference between day and night is large, infants and young children are improperly nursed, and they are prone to cold and have symptoms of respiratory tract infections. In winter, all kinds of bacteria and viruses are active, and infants and children with weak resistance are susceptible to invasion of bacteria and viruses, leading to the occurrence of respiratory infections. Cough, runny nose, and fever.
Why are respiratory infections easy in children?
Repeated respiratory infections in children, as the name implies, refer to recurrent respiratory infections. Traditional Chinese medicine refers to these children as complex or susceptible. Recurrent respiratory infections (RRI) is a common pediatric disease with an incidence of about 20%, which seriously affects the healthy growth of children.
Repeated respiratory tract attacks in children are related to a deficiency of vitamin A and trace element zinc in serum. Vitamin A plays an important role in improving the respiratory mucosal epithelium. When vitamin A is lacking, the cilia of respiratory epithelial cells disappear, squamous metaplasia occurs, glandular cell dysfunction, exfoliated cells block the lumen, local defense functions are reduced, and pathogens are prone Invasion and recurrent infections.
What are the dangers of respiratory infections in children?
Improper treatment of upper respiratory infections can easily lead to a variety of diseases:
Spreading nearby can cause otitis media, conjunctivitis, cervical lymphadenitis, and even a posterior pharyngeal wall abscess;
If the inflammation spreads down, it can develop into bronchitis, bronchitis or pneumonia;
些化脓性感染，通过血循环播散可引起败血症、脑膜炎； Some purulent infections can cause sepsis and meningitis through blood circulation;
Viral infections can cause myocarditis; repeated infections in children with allergies can cause asthma.
How to prevent respiratory infections in children?
1. Stay away from the source
The pathogenic viruses and bacteria of respiratory infections often appear in places with dense crowds such as shopping malls and stations, and where hygiene conditions are not guaranteed. If children are often brought to such places for activities, the chance of being attacked by the virus will definitely increase. In addition, haze weather should avoid outdoor activities as much as possible, because PM2.5 particles in the haze often bring the bacteria directly into the child's respiratory tract, causing respiratory infections.
Tip: If you have to go to a densely populated area, you can put a mask on children to reduce the chance of exposure to bacteria. The mask should choose the N95 filter material that is suitable for children's face and has the function of protecting PM2.5.
2.Ensure nutritional intake
Close to the source is not the main reason for the high incidence of respiratory infections. Children's low immunity is the culprit. Infants and young children are in the most vigorous stage of growth and development. Sufficient nutrients are required to ensure the development of various systems of the body, and the intake and absorption of nutrients are affected by many factors. The nutrients related to children's immunity mainly include vitamin A, vitamin C, vitamin D, zinc, iron, etc. Among them, vitamin A, vitamin D, and zinc are the nutrients that are most often lacking in infants and young children due to limited dietary content. Vitamin A in children helps to repair the mucous membranes of the respiratory tract, vitamin D helps increase the body's resistance to disease, zinc has anti-inflammatory and immune-improving effects. The three supplements can play a synergistic role to promote the development of children's immune function , More effectively improve the body's disease resistance.
Tips: If the child already has a respiratory infection, pay attention to a light and digestible diet, suitable indoor temperature and humidity, ensure adequate sleep and rest, drink plenty of warm water, and pay attention to vitamin AD and zinc preparations, which can help the respiratory tract Recovery of infection and reduction of recurrence.
3. Strengthen exercise
After getting enough nutrition, as long as you pay attention to strengthening exercise, you can further strengthen your disease resistance. Of course, exercise should also pay attention to moderate and gradual, long-term, high-intensity exercise will overwork children's bodies, but will cause the baby's immunity to decline.
In addition to children's respiratory infections, you need to pay attention to these!
The temperature dropped sharply, and the child's ability to adapt to the environment was poorer than adults. In addition to respiratory infections, many children also developed symptoms such as fever, cough, runny nose, roaring asthma, and diarrhea.
Most children's illnesses are caused by viral infections. In mild cases, they can be taken orally as prescribed by their doctors. In severe cases, they may develop pneumonia, dehydration, etc. If necessary, they need infusion or hospitalization.
Because cold air is also a major cause of asthma attacks, children with asthma have also increased significantly. There are also many children with new asthma. These children have an acute onset, may have difficulty breathing, and may easily surprise parents.
Faced with sudden changes in temperature, parents must do the following:
1. Pay close attention to weather changes, and add or remove clothes for your children in a timely manner based on the weather;
2. Pay special attention to children who do n’t take too long to get cold when they are taking off and taking off clothes during a nap;
3. The child is sexually active and sweats easily. After sweating, he should dry it in time and put on dry underwear or put a dry towel on the child's back;
4. Children should have a balanced diet. In addition to the right amount of fish, meat, chicken, and eggs, they should eat more milk, fresh vegetables, fruits, or juice;
5. Try to avoid bringing children to public places with many people and keep the indoor air fresh at home.